STOTRAM & MANTRA CHANTING

 

To be able to pray is a huge privilege. And all of us (irrespective of our gender, class, nationality differences) have been blessed with this privilege to pray.

A prayer is centred on a self conscious and self-judging person relating to an altar. The mode employed by the person praying is never the same – it differs from person to person. Even for a given person it differs from time to time. A prayer can be a simple mental or oral chant or a strict elaborate vedic ritual. 

There are three different forms of karma, action, in prayer: kāyikam, physical, vācika, oral and mānasam, mental. Performing a ritual is a physical form of prayer. Singing praises of Bhagavān is an oral form of a prayer while chanting a mantra silently is a mental prayer. 

Prayer is one hundred percent an expression of the free will, and it comes from maturity. That maturity is the understanding from the Veda which is a means of knowledge, that the prayer, which is an action, a karma, has an effect. (Each and every action has an effect).

The understanding of the mature person is that, an act of prayer is necessary to take into account the adrṣta, the hidden variables which one has no control over.  

One of the many ways of praying is an Oral Prayer (vācikam karma).  

The best way to do an oral prayer is either by :  

  1. Doing Japa(repetitive chanting of a mantra) or  
  2. Chanting Stotram-s while performing the kāyikam (ritual) prayer or
  3. Chanting Stotram-s on their own.  

A lot of adrṣta punya phala (invisible credit) is gained while chanting a Stotram. 

 FAQs

What is a Stotram? 

A Stotram is a poetic collection of Sanskrit shlokas/verses, chanted or sung in the praise of different devatās, deities or the different manifestations of Iśvara. Numerous Stotram-s describing the glory of a particular aspect of Iśvara, are available through our Sāstra or are composed by our Rishis (so many by Adi Śankaracarya) and our Saints. 

 Can one not learn stotram-s from the many links online? 

The pronunciation of the stotram is of utmost importance and this must be learnt correctly. 

If a person has learnt Sanskrit well, then there are good chances that the person could learn from the links online. But, even for Indians who can speak atleast one Indian language, there are many errors committed in the pronunciation.  

One in fact may not even know that one is chanting the stotram completely wrong. Hence it is important to learn the Stotram from a teacher.  

 How do Stotram-s help?   

Every religious tradition has some chants or songs which help the heart to expand in the glories and vision of God.

In our tradition, there are innumerable stotram-s – some validate the helplessness of the devoteesome inspire the devotee with strength and power, some implore and request, some point to the many words of understanding Iśvara, some point to the identity of the individual and Iśvara.

By praising and acknowledging the different glories of Iśvara, we develop a greater connection and in time begin to understand the Absolute Reality of Oneself.  

 For example, The Viṣṇusahasranāma Stotram describes and praises Iśvara through a thousand names of Lord Viṣṇu. The Rama Rakśa stotram glorifies Lord Rama and his role as a protector. The Shakti of Iśvara is described through the thousand names of the Devi.  

 Many of the Stotras are sung and are tuned to music. The music along with the rhythm, apart from aiding memorisation, enhances the bhava (the emotional connect) of the chant. It adds to the mood, to the meaning of the stotram and thus to the overall experience of connection with Iśvara.  

 The act of praying is an involvement of both the mind and the heart. Music helps to calm down and relax the mind. And the harmony further helps in a complete absorption of the mind. When both the mind and the heart connect with Iśvara, prayer happens. The mind connects through the words and their meaning, while an open and sincere heart easily connects through the bhava conveyed by the musical notes (svara-s) along with the words. Once the heart connects, it brings out the devotee, the bhakta in the person. 

 Bhagavan Krsna says in the Bhagavad Gita (9.29), “ये भजंति तु माम् भक्त्या मयि ते तेषु चाप्यहम।Those who seek Me with devotion exist in Me and I exist in them.” 

 Thus, Bhagavan resides in the heart of a bhakta, devotee. In this state of fullness, a complete ‘laya’ (absorption) happens and a state of experiential Oneness with Iśvara is experienced. 

 Details of the course: 

The chanting course can be taken independently of the Vedanta courses or can be undertaken alongside the Vedanta courses.  

 Although most of the Stotram-s are in Sanskrit, knowledge of Sanskrit is not a prerequisite to learn and chant any Stotram. The Stotram-s can be easily picked up by anyone with proper guidance.  

 -Classes would be online and would be scheduled as per convenience.  

-A typical class would comprise of a minimum of 2 students and a maximum of 3 students.  

-Each class would be based on the Stotram to be learnt.  

-An initial introduction to Sanskrit syllables and sounds would be done so as to get familiarised with the language. 

-Depending on the fluency of the students, a few easy Stotram-s would be taught in the beginning followed by more complex ones. 

-Each session would be of an hour. 

-Sessions will be held once in a week. 

-Days and timings of the class would be decided based on the convenience of the students and the teacher.   

-PDFs of the Stotram-s would be provided in both Sanskrit with an English transliteration. 

-Recordings of the Shlokas done in a session would be provided post each session. 

-The number of sessions required to complete learning a Stotram would depend on the ability of the students and the length of the Stotram. 

  • For students residing in India, the contribution would be INR 1250/- for 5 sessions (INR 250/- per session).
  • For Indians living abroad the contribution would be INR 1750 /- for 5 sessions (INR 350 /-per session) and
  • For foreigners living outside India, the contribution would be USD 40 for 5 sessions (USD 8/- per session)   

-Payment for every set of 5 sessions would have to be done in advance. Sessions would begin only post the payment is received. 

-Sessions would be held over Google Hangouts, which can be accessed on the computer or even on the mobile phone.  

To know about the teacher and the feedback of the students who have benefitted from the stotram chanting, please click here http://www.discoveratma.com/teachers/

 For more details contact: sonali@discoveratma.com or contact on whatsapp no. +91 9823035333 

 List of Stotrams one can learn to chant (based on the devatas, deities): 

Gaṇapati: 

-Gaṇeśa Sankatnāśanam Stotram 

-Gaṇeśa Pancharatna Stotram 

-Gaṇeśa Stotram 

-Gananāyakaya (bhajan) 

 

Guru: 

-Guru Stotram 

-Dayananda Pancakam 

-Nirvāna śatakam  

-Gurupāduka Stotram 

-Totakāśtakam 

 

Dakśināmurti: 

-Dakśināmurti Stotram 

– Dakśināmurti Aśttotaraśata Nāmavali 

 

Visnu/Krsna: 

-Bhagavad Gita 

-Viṣṇusahasranāma 

-Achyutāśtakam 

-Krsnāśtakam 

-Madhurāśtakam 

-Bhaja Govindam 

-Pāndurangaśtakam 

 

Śiva: 

– Śiva Mānas Puja 

– Śiva Panchākśari Stotram 

-Rudrāshtakam 

– Śiva Mahimna Stotram 

– Śiva Tāndav Stotram 

-Lingāśtakam 

-Bilvāśtakam 

-Dvādaśajyotirlingāni Stotram 

-Mārgabandhu Stotram 

 

Devi: 

-Lalitasahasranāma Stotram 

-Lalita Trishati Stotram 

-Mahishāsurmardini Stotram 

-Gangā Stotram 

-Meenākshi Pancharatna Stotram 

-Mahalakshmyaśtakam 

– Śāradabhujangam Stotram 

-Saraswati Stotram 

 

Rama: 

-Rāmaraksha Stotram 

-Rāmaśtakam 

-Nāma Rāmayana 

-Rāmachandra kripalu bhajamana (bhajan) 

 

Hanuman: 

-Hanumān Chalisa 

-Māruti Stotra 

 

Subramaṇyam: 

-Subramaṇyaśtakam 

 

Graha: 

-Navagraha Stotram 

-Aditya Hridaya Stotram 

-Suryāśtakam 

 

Aartis and Prayers: 

-Gaṇapati 

-Devi 

-Shankara 

-Krsṇa 

-Pasayadaan (by Sant Jnaneshwar) 

-Manāche Shlok (by Swami Ramdas in Marathi) 

-Mantrapushpanjali 

 

Music and Songs: 

Bhajans, Abhangas (by Tukaram, Namdev, Jnaneshwar), Nāmasmarana chants, Kirtans, Basics of Hindustani Classical Music 

 

-Sānti Mantras 

-Gaṇapati Atharvashirsha 

-Purusha Suktam 

-Medha Suktam 

-Rudram